Nosebleeds In Children

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Nosebleeds in children can be an anxiety-provoking event, both for the parent and the child. However, most nosebleeds in children are self-limiting and benign, and can typically be managed at home. As in adults, most nosebleeds in children originate anteriorly.6

Nosebleeds in children usually occur between 2 to 10 years of age. Nosebleeds in infants, however, are unusual and require further evaluation by a health care practitioner. Though most nosebleeds in children are spontaneous and occur infrequently, some children may experience more frequent, recurrent nosebleeds.

The most common cause of nosebleeds in children is from

  • Minor trauma, like nose picking
  • Direct trauma to nose
  • Upper respiratory infections
  • Foreign bodies
  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Exposure to warm dry air

Less common causes of nosebleeds in children include vascular malformations, leukemia, nasal tumors, and various blood clotting abnormalities. An accidental ingestion of blood-thinning medication (for example, warfarin [Coumadin]) is also a rare cause of nosebleeds in children.

Nosebleed Self-Care at Home
A small amount of bleeding from a nosebleed requires little intervention. For example, if a person with a cold or a sinus infection blows his or her nose vigorously and notices some blood in the tissue, one should avoid forceful nose blowing, sneezing, and nose picking. This is usually enough to keep the bleeding from getting worse.

How to stop a nosebleed

  • Remain calm.
  • Sit up straight and lean slightly forward.
  • Lean your head forward. Tilting your head back will only cause you to swallow the blood.
  • Pinch the nostrils together and apply direct pressure with the thumb and index finger for approximately 10 minutes. Time it to make sure the nostrils are not released earlier.
  • Spit out any blood in the mouth. Swallowing blood may make the affected individual vomit.
  • This technique will stop the majority of simple nosebleeds

Zagazig Academic Panelist,
“Achieve the Highest, Improve Others”
Academic Bureau,
PERUBATAN Zagazig Chapter 2015/2016

Categories: General

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